Mountain Kilimanjaro is the highest active mountain in Africa and the tallest freestanding mountain on earth. It is crowned with an everlasting snow-cap; this majestic mountain can be found inside the Kilimanjaro National Park of Tanzania, at 005.00 degrees south, 036 degrees east, 5895m a.m.s.l. It is a giant stratovolcano that began forming about a million years ago and is composed of many layers of hardened volcanic ash, lava, pumice and tephra — fragmental material that is the fallout from a volcanic eruption. The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination. The mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields.
Mount Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, “Kibo”, “Mawenzi”, and “Shira”, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa, and rises approximately 4,900 metres (16,100 ft.) from its base to 5,895 metres (19,341 ft.) above sea level. The first persons proven to have reached the summit of the mountain were Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889. It takes hikers through five different ecosystems – from rainforest to alpine desert to arctic snowcap – and climbing 19,340 feet to the top is one of the most empowering adventures you can experience without serious training. Mandara is the easiest and shortest route to the summit. This is also the only route with the comforts of sleeping huts at every camp site with solar lights and comfortable beds. This route is usually done in 5 days but can be done in 6 days for better acclimatization. The extra day can be spent resting at Horombo or climbing the small peak of Mawenzi. Conclusively, we spare nothing when it comes to ensuring your safety and peace of mind when you planning your Safari to hiking Kilimanjaro with us, and make sure that any personal needs or issues are attended to as attentively and swiftly as possible. We put you first.
Some interesting facts about Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro contains 5 unique ecosystems. Kilimanjaro is much more than just a mountain: it’s five delicate ecosystems all rolled into one. At its two lower levels you’ll find farmland, villages, jungles, and forests — all of which benefit from healthy amounts of rainfall. As climbers move higher up the mountain into the heath and alpine desert zones, vegetation begins to fade and temperatures start to fluctuate: during the day it can reach well over 100 degrees (37c), while at night temperatures can plummet to below freezing. Once climbers reach the summit zone almost all signs of vegetation and animal life have disappeared, as surface water is nearly non-existent at this height. Don’t skimp on the sunscreen, either: Kilimanjaro’s summit is the second closest point on earth to the sun (only the summit of Ecuador’s Mt. Chimborazo is closer).
- Over 20,000 people attempt to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro each year. Reaching Kilimanjaro’s peak isn’t nearly as exhilarating as the climb, and that’s why over 20,000 climbers flock to its slopes each year. Of those 20,000 climbers, roughly 2/3rds make it up to the peak, 1,000 are evacuated and around 10 die due to Altitude sickness. At Kilimanjaro’s peak there is roughly half as much oxygen in a breath as you would find at sea level. Due to this, climbers begin to experience symptoms like headaches, nausea, exhaustion, and swelling as early as 3,000 meters (9,842 feet) up. So don’t underestimate the dangers of the mountain, take things slow, and be sure to acclimatize!
- Indomitable spirits thrive here. Scaling Kilimanjaro is an accomplishment regardless of who performs it, but the fact that disabled climbers are increasingly using the mountain as a way to shatter perceptions about handicaps is truly amazing. In 2009, five blind climbers, known collectively as “Team Kili,” summited the peak after a year’s worth of training; Chris Waddell, a paraplegic who lost the use of his legs in a skiing accident, used his upper-body strength and a “handcycle” to summit the peak in 2011; and perhaps most spectacularly, Kyle Maynard, a quadruple amputee, ascended the mountain in 2011 without the aid of prosthetics. The next time you are searching for inspiration, look no further than Kyle Maynard and his video is available as a testimony.
- The Chagga people call Mt. Kilimanjaro home. Chances are that at some point during your time on Kilimanjaro you’ll run into members of the Chagga tribe. The Chagga people, who number around 1,000,000, are the third largest ethnic group in Tanzania and one of the richest due to their close relationship with the mountain and its fertile soil. A lot of that affluence can be chalked up to bananas: each Chagga family owns their own home-garden in the middle of a banana grove, known as a vihamba, where they grow bananas alongside coffee (Tanzania’s real cash crop: it brings in over $60 million per year), maize, beans, sugarcane, and maletta. Many visitors to Kilimanjaro begin their journey by visiting with the Chagga at their vihambas in the foothills of the mountain. Also, when it is time to climb, look no further than the Chagga for help: they have proven to be excellent porters, carrying the large sacks of personal equipment on top of their heads.
- Hans Meyer was the first man to climb Mt.Kilimanjaro. Many people have made a successful journey up Mount Kilimanjaro, but who was the first? That distinguished honor (presumably) belongs to German geographer Hans Meyer, who, along with Swiss alpinist Ludwig Purtscheller and their Chagga guide Yohani Kinyala Lauwo, reached the peak of Kibo (Kilimanjaro’s main summit) in 1889. The mountain air clearly did Kinyala some good: not only did he continued giving tours of the mountain for another seventy years after the first expedition, but he also went on to become one of the oldest people ever — living to the ripe old age of 124!
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